Essay writing

Writing is like a journey: you start with a blank sheet of paper and what appears on it at the end of the trip depends entirely on you. You should go through every stage of the essay writing process described in this guide.

Write an essay that:

  • is focused;
  • is logical;
  • is clear;
  • is well-structured;
  • makes a point;
  • grabs the reader’s interest from the first lines;
  • provides illustrative evidence;
  • gives credits to sources.

So, how do we approach this arduous task? Follow this guide and you’ll manage to get an impressive piece of writing. For a 200-250-word composition, you need to devote about one hour of your precious time divided into the following steps:

  • READ THE INSTRUCTIONS  (1 Minute)
  1. What is the question asking/stating & what are the two sides of the argument?
  2. Address/refer to the question throughout the essay
  3. Answer the question asked and not what you want to write about.
  • WRITE A PLAN (10 Minutes)
  1. Brief introduction
  2. Points of discussion for the first side of the argument e.g. Point 1, Point 2,…
  3. Points of discussion for other side of the argument, counterarguments, e.g. Point 1, Point 2…

Have an equal number of points to discuss on both sides to balance the argument

4. Brief conclusion

5. Jot down complex phrases and introductory phrases you wish to use, upgrade the level of your composition by using the new grammar structures and make a list of any vocabulary/buzz words related to the topic; try to choose your most advanced language and collocations to impress your reader.

Now, you are ready to start writing your essay, make sure it includes the following parts:
ESSAY WRITING (45 Minutes)

  • Introduction
  1. Set the scene/explain situation/problem. Quotations and rhetorical questions are very helpful.
  2. Show first side of the argument
  3. Show the other side of the argument
  4. Sum up
MAIN BODY:

Present BOTH Sides of the Argument: for and against. Be accountable for what you write: always back up your points with reasons and examples.

Connect all your ideas with linking words. Check our previous post about linking words for further practice.

  • Conclusion
  1. Use a concluding phrase/remark
  2. This should reflect upon your points of discussion and weigh up BOTH sides of your argument
  3. Give your personal opinion on it, if you want to
  4. It should contain NO NEW INFORMATION
  5. Refer back to title but do not repeat it exactly
  6. Give some reference to the future if possible.
CHECK YOUR WORK (10 Minutes)Verb endings/Tenses – Spellings – Punctuation – Relevant NA2 Vocabulary and Structures to Topic.STYLE

– In this type of essay writing, you must not include opinion words (I believe, I think, etc.) in the introduction or the main body. Opinion words can only be used in the final paragraph, where you may state your opinion on the topic. (As far as I’m concerned, personally, in my opinion, it seems to me that…)

– Write well-developed paragraphs in which the points you present are supported with justification, (i.e. reasons or examples). Make sure each paragraph has more than one sentence.

– Do not use informal style (e.g. short forms, colloquial language, etc.) or strong language (e.g. I firmly believe, etc.)

 Finally, click here  to download a good example of an argumentative essay with notes. The title is Television has destroyed communication between friends and family.

This entry was posted in Outcomes, Textbook, Unit 2, Unit 6, Writing. Bookmark the permalink.

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